FloorScore® is a third party certification developed by the Resilient Floor Covering Institute and Scientific Certification Systems to meet the strict indoor air quality thresholds set forth by the California Section 01350 program. The certification tests and certifies flooring products in accordance with the volatile organic compounds emissions tested with the criteria set forth in ASTM D5116: Standard Guide for Small-Scale Environmental Chamber Determinations of Organic Emissions From Indoor Materials/Products. Below is the maximum allowable concentration levels for target volatile organic compounds which are known to be harmful to human health.
GREENGUARD is a third party certification developed by Underwriters Laboratories Environment, in order to guarantee products with low chemical emissions. GREENGUARD follows methods and guidelines outlined by standardized test methods such as: ASTM D5116: Standard Guide for Small-Scale Environmental Chamber Determinations of Organic Emissions from Indoor Materials/Products & ASTM D6670: Standard Practice for Full-Scale Chamber Determination of Volatile Organic Emissions from Indoor Materials/Products and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s testing protocol for furniture, the state of Washington’s protocol for interior furnishings and construction materials, Germany’s Blue Angel programs, California’s Department of Public Health Services Standard Practice for Specification Section 01350 and the ISO 16000 environmental testing series.
GREENGUARD’s mission is to “promote global sustainability, environmental health, and safety”. GREENGUARD sets strict emissions standards based on established chemical exposure criteria. There are 2 levels: certified and gold. GREENGUARD Gold is accepted by green building standards such as LEED.
Health Product Declarations
Health Product Declarations (HPDs) are transpareny documents which disclose the potential harmful chemicals in a product by comparing the content of that product to sets of priority “hazard” lists based on the GreenScreen for Safer Chemicals and other lists from governmental agencies. HPDs have become an important reporting tool in green building standards such as LEED® and the WELL Building Standard™.
The HPD-Collaborative is an organization which helps manufacturers develop and publish their own HPDs. PID Floors will be using this online tool for our green product lines.
Cradle to Cradle Certified™
The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program’s framework was created by William McDonough and Dr. Michael Braungart after the publication of their book Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. Traditionally a product is made from raw materials, used and then disposed. The Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute administers the certification to manufacturers and designers who rethink how products are made and what materials the product is made from. There are five quality categories: material health, material re-utilization, renewable energy and carbon management, water stewardship, and social fairness. There are 5 levels of certification: Basic, bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum.
Living Product Challenge
The Living Product Challenge (LPC) is proposed towards manufacturers and designers of products by the International Living Future Institute. The idea of the Living Product Challenge is to shift the paradigm of creating less harmful products to products that are beneficial to our world, in which products have positive, restorative impacts on the community of life. The LPC is a philosophy, advocacy tool, and then a certification. The main idea is that no matter the size, quantity, or location of a product, every step of the manufacturing process of that product has a net positive impact on the surrounding community. This is a tool to unify and better the production process of all the tangible items humans surround themselves with on a daily basis.
The LPC calls on manufacturers to have a Net Positive impact from the manufacturing process with respect to categories such as water, energy, climate, waste and ecological impacts. There are 7 performance categories known as petals : Place, Water, Energy, Health and Happiness, Materials, Equity and Beauty. Within these 7 petals, there are 20 Imperatives with exceptions. There are three levels of certifications: Living Product Certification, Living Product Petal Certification, and Living Product Imperative Certification.
The Declare Label
A Declare Label is a transparency tool for manufacturers to proclaim the ingredients in their finished product. Transparency labels and documents empowers the buyer to be able to make a decision based off the integrity of the product. The Declare Label answers the following three questions:
- Where does a product come from?
- What is it made of?
- Where does it go at the end of its life?
A sample Declare Label: